IUI – Intra Uterine Insemination
Intra-uterine insemination (IUI) also known as Artificial Insemination is a process in which the washed/processed semen is placed directly into the uterine cavity with the help of a thin sterile plastic tube (catheter) in and around the time of ovulation (release of egg from the ovary).
It is one of the simplest techniques of assisted reproductive technique (A.R.T.). It forms the first basic and the least invasive treatment technique for infertility management.
The purpose of IUI treatment(Artificial Insemination) is to introduce the best and the most motile sperms high up in the uterine cavity i.e. as close to the ovum as possible so that the distance that the sperms have to cover is the minimal and to overcome factors like cervical mucus opposition for its entry into the uterine cavity.
Also as generally it is done with follicular monitoring, the egg is matured and released or about to be released. Hence we are sure that both the egg and sperm are timed properly for optimum fertilization and increased chances of pregnancy.
What is IUI (Intra Uterine Insemination)
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm in the woman's uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of the IUI is to increase the number of spermatozoa reaching the fallopian tubes and, subsequently, to increase the chances of fertilization.
IUI gives sperm an advantage by giving it a head start, but still requires sperm to reach and fertilize the egg itself. It is a less invasive and less expensive option compared to in vitro fertilization.
The procedure of IUI
1). The procedure is quite simple, although it is normal to be nervous about it. This will be done in our GBR Fertility Center.
2). If you use a sperm donor, the donor's sperm will be thawed and prepared.
3). If not, your partner will come to the clinic that day with you and give you a semen sample. The sperm sample is obtained via masturbation.
4). If your partner will be out of town - or, if he has had trouble providing a sample in the past - your partner can provide the semen sample before the IUI day. In this case, if the sample is frozen, it will be thawed and prepared.
5). Sperm contains more than just sperm. Doctor will submit sperm to a special wash procedure. This removes impurities and leaves only the necessary for the design.
For the procedure itself, you lie on a gynecological chart similar to that used for your annual exam.
6). A catheter - a small, thin tube - will be placed in your cervix. You may have mild cramps, similar to what you may feel during a smear.
7). The specially washed semen will then be transferred to your uterus via the catheter.>/
8). The catheter is removed and you are done!
9). Doctor may suggest lying horizontally for some time after the procedure or getting up immediately.
10). In either case, you do not have to worry about sperm loss when you get up. Sperm are transferred directly into your uterus. They go nowhere but up, to an egg (hoping) to wait!
Who does IUI help?
IUI is a relatively minimally invasive and less expensive fertility treatment compared to more invasive and expensive treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). In some cases, couples may start with IUI before switching to IVF if necessary. IUI may be the only treatment needed to get pregnant.
IUI can be performed with the sperm of a male partner or donor sperm. IUI is most commonly used in these scenarios:
1). Unexplained infertility
2). Mild endometriosis
3). Problems with the neck or cervical mucus
4). Low sperm count
5). Decrease in motility of spermatozoa
6). Problems with ejaculation or erection
7). Same-sex couples wanting to conceive
8). A single woman wishing to conceive
9). A couple wishing to avoid the transmission of a genetic defect of the male partner to the child
What is the success rate?
Each couple will have a different answer to the IUI, and it can be difficult to predict its success. A number of factors influence the outcome, including: